All papers .pdf’s that are downloadable

THE EXPRESS SCRIPTS – ANTHEM PBM DEAL

The Express Scripts – Anthem Wellpoint Deal: A “Double Trouble Front”

De Capitation: Express Scripts’ Unspoken Plan for its Anthem Wellpoint PBM Acquisition

THE PBM BUSINESS MODEL

Pharmacy Benefit Manager Valuation and Profitability: Business Models Matter

Pharmacy Benefit Managers as Conflicted Countervailing Powers

Medco As a Business Model Imperialist

The Effect of Corporate Structure on Formulary Design: The Case of Large Insurance Companies

Quantifying Medco’s Business Model: An Update

A Tale of Two PBMs: Express Scripts vs. Medco

Searching for Windfall Profits from a Change in the AWP Markup Ratio

Contrary to What Wall Street and the FTC Say, The PBM Business Model is Misaligned

Sins of Omission’: A Review of the FTC Study of PBM Conflict of Interest

Exclusionary Practices in the Mail Order Pharmacy Market

Quantifying Medco’s Business Model

Estimating the Rebate-Retention Rate of Pharmacy Benefit Managers

Walgreen’s Transparency Issue

Who is Best at Negotiating Pharmaceutical Rebates?

PBMs as Bargaining Agents
Paper presented at the 80th Annual Western Economic Association Meeting, July 6, 2005, San Francisco

PBMs as Bargaining Agents
PowerPoint presented at the 80th Annual Western Economic Association, Meeting, July 6, 2005, San Francisco

PREFERRED PROVIDER PHARMACY NETWORKS

The CVS-Caremark Merger and the Coming Preferred Provider War

Medicare Part D and Preferred Provider Pharmacy

The CVS-Caremark Merger: The Creation of an Elasticity of Demand for Retail Rx

CONSUMER-DIRECTED PHARMACY BENEFITS

The Future of Consumer-Directed Pharmacy Benefits

Show Me the Display: A Review of an ESI Study of Consumer-Directed Pharmacy Benefits

LEGAL

Exclusionary Practices in the Mail Order Pharmacy Market

The Role of Pharmacy Benefit Managers in Formulary Design: Service Providers or Fiduciaries?
Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy  Vol. 10 No. 4  July/August 2004 pp 359-60

Practical Issues With PBM Full Disclosure Laws
Originally Published in Update Magazine, Issue 4, 2004.  Available with permission from FDLI

The Formulary Game

©Lawrence W. Abrams, 2016

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cropped-Lawrence_Abrams.jpgI have a B.A. in Economics from Amherst College.  I have a Ph.D. in Economics from Washington University in St. Louis.

I have received no remuneration for these articles.  I have no financial relation with any company written about in these articles.

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